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The Centre for Sociology of Democracy studies democracy in modern societies. Our projects deal with democracy from different perspectives and with different methods.


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Social movements

In their chapter for the Concise Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics in the Social Sciences, Taina Meriluoto and Eeva Luhtakallio discuss the specificities of ethical questions when studying a political topic, in particular social movements and activists in stigmatized or risky positions.

Visual politicization and youth challenges to an unequal public sphere: conceptual and methodological perspectives

By discussing current youth’s democratic practices and introducing the concept of visual politicization, Eeva Luhtakallio, Taina Meriluoto and Carla Malafaia argue for a reconsideration of what we understand as political action and propose new methodological tools for analyzing it.

Visual bodies, ritualised performances: an offline-online analysis of Extinction Rebellion’s protests in Finland and Portugal

In their article, Carla Malafaia, Jenni Kettunen and Eeva Luhtakallio explore the function of bodies as tools of visibility in ritualised online-offline performances. By analysing performative protests, the authors shed light on the importance of paying attention to non-verbal levels of political action and argumentation.

Education and climate activism: Youth democratic practices and imaginations towards a common world

In this editorial Carla Malafaia, Maria Fernandes-Jesus and Eeva Luhtakallio discuss the new diverse ways young generations have become mobilized to tackle the climate crisis and picture ways towards a common world and practices.

The Pepe the Frog Image-Meme in Hong Kong: Visual Recurrences and Gender Fluidity on the LIHKG Forum

Using a combination of a computational big data analysis and a qualitative analysis, Katrien Jakobs, Degel Cheung, Vasileios Maltezos and Cecilia Wong examine how activists used the Pepe the Frog image-meme to make statements about Hong Kong politics, gender and democracy during the 2019 Anti-Extradition Bill and Law Movement.

‘Missing school isn’t the end of the world (actually, it might prevent it)’: climate activists resisting adult power, repurposing privileges and reframing education

In her article, Carla Malafaia studies how youths manage their activism and argues that activists construct margins of resistance in their political practices by incorporating processes that interrupt adult structures while reframing educational imagination.

PLURALITY IN URBAN POLITICS: Conflict and Commonality in Mouffe and Thévenot

In their article, by augmenting Mouffe’s agonistic pluralism with Thévenot’s pragmatic sociology, Veikko Eranti and Taina Meriluoto develop both an analytical framework for a more nuanced study of urban politics as sites of democracy and a detailed conceptualization of pluralism in democracy.

Fame democracy? Social media and visuality-based transformation of the public sphere

In their article, Eeva Luhtakallio and Taina Meriluoto argue that a fame-based logic has become dominant in the strategies of actors in many different situations concerning political action in public. By recognizing the fame-based values informing public action with a pragmatist approach, they argue that a wider variety of action can be recognized as public action and the normative foundations that inform people’s action in public can be interrogated.

How do civil society organizations influence climate change politics? Evidence from India, Indonesia, and Finland

In their article, Luhtakallio, Ylä-Anttila and Lounela compare the efforts of civil society organizations to influence climate change policymaking in three countries with very different traditions of democratic decision making.

The self in selfies—Conceptualizing the selfie-coordination of marginalized youth with sociology of engagements

In her article, Taina Meriluoto conceptualizes selfies as reflexive practices of self-coordination, and develops an analytical framework adapted from the literature of sociology of engagements for their analysis.

POSTPONED: Visual participation of young Europeans – snapshots from France, Finland and Portugal

The event has been postponed. The new date and venue will be announced later.

Photo by Chris Slupski on Unsplash

The event has been postponed. The new event date will be announced as soon as possible.

Join us for a three-hour seminar discussing how the increasing emphasis on visual forms of communication affects young people’s societal participation and the way in which they construct democracy. The seminar features a keynote lecture by Associate Professor Katrin Tiidenberg (Tallinn University), short presentations of visual participation from three European countries: France, Finland and Portugal, as well as comments by Senior Lecturer Leena-Maija Rossi (University of Helsinki).

Provisional programme:

15.00 Welcome address and ImagiDem presentation: Professor Eeva Luhtakallio (University of Helsinki)

15.30 Keynote: Associate professor Katrin Tiidenberg (Tallinn University): Curation, creation and community – making sense of visual social media 


16.30 Coffee

16.45 Snapshots from France, Portugal and Finland

Dr. Karine Clément (CNRS, Paris): What do we mean by “visual” and “participation” when we talk about visual participation? Reflections from the case of the Yellow Vests in France.

Dr. Carla Malafaia (University of Porto): The visual dimension of participation among climate activists in Portugal: an ethnography with student strikers and civil disobedience groups 

Dr. Taina Meriluoto (University of Helsinki): Selfiesteem – reconstructing oneself on- and offline

17.30 Comments by Leena-Maija Rossi (University of Helsinki) and discussion

The seminar is part of the launching event of professor Eeva Luhtakallio’s ERC-project Imagi(ni)ng Democracy: European youth becoming citizens by visual participationwhich studies visual participation both online and offline. The project analyses images and memes posted on social media, and follows young people’s visual ways of participation as part of their everyday actions with the tools of visual ethnography and computational big data mining and analysis.

The seminar is free of charge and no pre-registration is required.